Wednesday, April 23, 2008

Maternal diet influences sex of offspring

Here's some more support for the Trivers-Willard hypothesis that states that it's better to have males when resource conditions are good, since male reproductive success is less constrained than female reproductive success (although not as "guaranteed", especially in bad resource conditions).
Here they find that maternal diet at conception is associated with sex of offspring. They find some weird results having to do with breakfast cereal and discuss this in quite some length.

You are what your mother eats: evidence for maternal preconception diet influencing foetal sex in humans
Fiona Mathews, Paul J. Johnson, Andrew Neil
Proceedings of the Royal Society B Online April 22,2008

Abstract: Facultative adjustment of sex ratios by mothers occurs in some animals, and has been linked to resource availability. In mammals, the search for consistent patterns is complicated by variations in mating systems, social hierarchies and litter sizes. Humans have low fecundity, high maternal investment and a potentially high differential between the numbers of offspring produced by sons and daughters: these conditions should favour the evolution of facultative sex ratio variation. Yet little is known of natural mechanisms of sex allocation in humans. Here, using data from 740 British women who were unaware of their foetus's gender, we show that foetal sex is associated with maternal diet at conception. Fifty six per cent of women in the highest third of preconceptional energy intake bore boys, compared with 45% in the lowest third. Intakes during pregnancy were not associated with sex, suggesting that the foetus does not manipulate maternal diet. Our results support hypotheses predicting investment in costly male offspring when resources are plentiful. Dietary changes may therefore explain the falling proportion of male births in industrialized countries. The results are relevant to the current debate about the artificial selection of offspring sex in fertility treatment and commercial ‘gender clinics’.

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